Updated: Jan 13, 2022
The Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Centre (MBRSC) announced that it has partnered with local and international entities, institutions and agencies to develop the science programme for the Emirates Lunar Mission. The partners will support the development of the main instruments onboard the Rashid rover, including the Langmuir probe, and assist in data collection, landing site research, calibration strategies, and data analysis.
Based on the scientific and engineering data requirements analysis, MBRSC designed a science package consisting of a set of lightweight but powerful instruments onboard the Rashid rover. These instruments will enable the rover to measure a carefully selected set of environmental conditions on the lunar surface. The demanding sensitivities of the instruments combined with the necessity of optimising between the rover and science instrument requirements resulted in the establishment of an international team of researchers under the leadership of MBRSC.
Microscopic Imager and Landing Site Research and Analysis
MBRSC has partnered with the Center for Petrographic and Geochemical Research at Universite de Lorraine in Nancy (France) to characterise the conditions at the landing sites and analyse the data from the rover's microscopic imager. This microscopic imager, which MBRSC conceptualised, will obtain the highest resolution image from the lunar surface thus far and provide an unprecedented view of the undisturbed topmost layer of the lunar regolith. This upper layer will show the imprint of the formation and evolution of the lunar surface at its most minor scales.
The team has also narrowed down the location where it intends to land, within a circle of 4km. The research into the landing site is essential, as the rover needs to avoid areas with high slopes or potential hazards. Available data of landing sites will also enable the team to find exciting targets that will help better understand the topography, geography and features of the rock and dust.
Furthermore, through its collaboration with the University of Oslo in Norway, the team develops the Langmuir probes to study the plasma around the Moon. The data will help the scientific community to understand how charged particles interact with the lunar surface. It is thought that this interaction can lift dust particles and carry them for certain distances.
UAE-Based University Collaboration
Meanwhile, closer to home, a New York University Abu Dhabi team will work on the microscopic camera calibration and investigate the interaction of the rover's surface materials with solar radiation. The latter is of great importance to interpret the measurements of the plasma sheath.